Three Romances for cello and piano Op.94

Composer: Robert Schumann (b. 1810 - d. 1856)
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Composer: Robert Schumann (b. 1810 - d. 1856)

Performance date: 01/07/2011

Venue: Bantry Library

Composition Year: 1849

Duration: 00:13:08

Recording Engineer: Anton Timoney, RTÉ lyric fm

Instrumentation: vn, va, vc, pf

Instrumentation Category:Duo

Artists: Alexei Grynyuk - [piano]
Leonard Elschenbroich - [cello]

Schumann wrote these three short pieces in 1849, a time when political and military revolution was sweeping through Dresden. The family escaped to a friend’s house at Maxen. Despite the stormy times Schumann paid little heed to contemporary events and busied himself with a stream of compositions, particularly songs. His wife Clara, wrote in her diary: All the songs breathe the spirit of perfect peace, they seem to me like spring, and laugh like blossoming flowers.  As well as writing these songs Schumann also created these Romances, as well as his charming Waldscenen for piano and completed his Scenes from Faust in time for the centenary of the poet Goethe’s centenary that August.
The Three Romances were published in 1851 and are described as being for oboe (or violin or clarinet) on the manuscript and demonstrate the composer’s interest in less usual instrumental combinations. It was not long before a cello transcription was produced and they are usually heard in this form today, the second Romance being particularly popular and often recorded. The first, marked not quickly, presents a gently moving song. Number two is subtitled: simple, heartfelt and, as Clara observed, there is a spring-like joy about its attractive melody. It has a stormier central section and is the most typical of the composer’s mature style. The final Romance returns to the calm of the first piece.